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Pros and Cons of Home Heating Options: Oil, Natural Gas, Propane, and Heat Pump

  • October 11, 2022
  • James Beeson
  • Category: Uncategorized

Consistently cool temperatures are just around the corner. You have a large choice to make from different types of heating systems. Whether you’re building a house and need to choose a heat source or you want to replace your current heating system. Have you been considering purchasing a new heating system but are unsure of the best option? In such a case, we’d like to discuss some of the pros and cons of home heating options like oil, natural gas, propane, and heat pumps.

Important Pros and Cons of Home Heating Options

Pros and Cons of Home Heating Options


Natural gas furnaces

With the help of fuel-fed burners, gas furnaces generate heat in a combustion chamber that is forced into a heat exchanger, where it reacts with the circulating air to create hot air that is circulated in your home via the ventilation system. Let us understand the pros and cons of gas heat.


  • When it comes to the pros and cons of home heating options, natural gas is the clear winner due to its cheap rates. Natural gas is less expensive than other fossil fuels and also very dependable. Additionally, it is safer and easier to store than other fossil fuels and burns cleaner than other fossil fuels, making it environmentally benign.
  • Natural gas furnaces often cost less to run because of lower fuel costs and high energy efficiency. In comparison to an electric furnace, desired temperatures are obtained more quickly while consuming much less fuel.


  • A natural gas furnace often costs more upfront and could cost more to install if it needs to be plumbed into a supply line.
  • Natural gas furnaces’ primary drawback is the production of carbon emissions.


What are the primary advantages and disadvantages of relying on propane? This information is necessary whether you’re buying a new home that uses propane, updating your current heating system, or building a home and need to choose a heat source.

Home Heating Options - Propane


  • The fact that propane is non-toxic is one of its main advantages. The tanks can therefore be buried underground. And it burns cleanly. Thus, less maintenance is often required for propane furnaces. They often run at a considerably better degree of efficiency, last longer, and require fewer repairs over time.
  • All of your home’s appliances can be fueled by propane. You don’t have to be content with an electric water heater or stove. Every appliance can be run on propane instead of the more expensive and inefficient electrical option.
  • You can order a large quantity of gasoline at once because propane tanks can contain up to 1,000 gallons. Fill up your tank to the top when costs are on the lower side. You are then fully prepared for the upcoming cold front!


  • It’s somewhat distressing to see how hot propane burns compared to other fuels. Propane doesn’t heat up as much as oil does. This implies that even while propane costs less than oil, you will need to use more of it to get the same comfortable inside temperature. It may appear at first that propane has the potential to save a sizable sum of money. It might not work out that way in reality!
  • Converting to propane from another sort of heating system may be unaffordable. Not a do-it-yourself project. No assurance changing a system to function the same or better with a different fuel source will result in considerable savings, and you require a professional installation.
  • The major disadvantage of a propane heating system is whether or not you maintain your tank. If you are the owner of the tank, you have to do routine checks and resolve any problem of leaks or corrosion. In a few years, you could even be required to replace the tank.



  • Although flammable, heating oil does not emit carbon monoxide and is not explosive like gas. Its use is therefore a safer choice.
  • Heating oil is more effective than other heating sources because it burns at a greater temperature than natural gas and produces more heat.
  • Heating oil deliveries can be scheduled. This is perfect for outlying areas.
  • Lower initial expenses — oil-fired boilers are often less expensive than gas-fired ones.


  • Natural gas is less expensive than heating oil, but oil prices are constantly changing.
  • The heater needs heating oil additives to function properly.
  • requires more upkeep since oil creates a lot of soot and debris, both of which need to be cleaned frequently.

Heat Pumps

Heat pumps operate by pumping or transporting heat from one location to another by the use of a compressor and a flowing mechanism of liquid or gas condensate, which extracts heat coming from external sources and pushes it within. An electric heat pump is one of the popular choices.

Home Heating Options - Heat Pumps


  • Compared to systems based on combustion, heat pumps are less expensive to run. If the energy efficiency of your systems is good it increases long-term energy savings.
  • Compared to heating systems that use combustion, heat pumps need little care. It is essential to regularly check a few specific system features, which you may easily do on your own.
  • They are secure to use, and because they use electricity instead of fuel to produce heat, they pose fewer safety risks than similar appliances.
  • The carbon emissions are decreased by a heat pump system, which also converts energy to heat quickly.


  • Heat pumps are extremely challenging to install.
  • Many heat pumps get problems in cold conditions and these ultimately damage the system.
  • Due to their dependence on electricity to function, heat pumps cannot be completely carbon neutral.
  • They have relatively high investments.

Bottom line

If you are building a new home or want to replace your old heating system or buy a new property,  you need to find out a good heating source. And for that, you should know the pros and cons of different heating systems. This is a big decision for any house to get the right kind of heating system.

To decide what kind of heating system will be suitable for your home, you need to know about each one of them and their probable pros and cons. Some people also prefer central heating, but again there are lots of pros and cons of central heating that need to be understood before installation. It will help you to make an informed and wise decision to buy the right kind of heating system for your house.